Misconceptions and Facts About Takotsubo Syndrome

Takotsubo Syndrome, initially described in the 1990s by Sato, has been increasingly recognized around the world. Pathophysiology is directed towards central role of catecholamine surge , but other aspects like microvascular endothelial dysfunction and vasospasm have also been described. Dyspnea and chest pain are most common manifestations , but syncope can also be seen. Right ventricular involvement is not uncommon, and left ventricular outflow tract obstruction is a frequent complication. EKG can differentiate between Takotsubo syndrome and myocardial infarction, but coronary angiography should always be performed.

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