Dementia and Atrial Fibrillation: Pathophysiological Mechanisms and Therapeutic Implications

Atrial fibrillation increases the risk of stroke by a factor of four- to fivefold, and dementia is a common consequence of stroke. However, atrial fibrillation has been associated with cognitive impairment and dementia, even in patients without prior overt stroke. Nonischemic mechanisms include cerebral hypoperfusion, vascular inflammation, brain atrophy, genetic factors, and shared risk factors such as age or hypertension. Critical appraisal of studies evaluating the association between atrial fibrillation and dementia in stroke-free patients reveals that several suffer from methodological issues, such as not including silent stroke or anticoagulation therapy in multivariate analyses.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.