Autonomic Disorders

Autonomic complaints are frequently encountered in clinical practice. They can be due to primary autonomic disorders or secondary to other medical conditions. Primary autonomic disorders can be categorized as orthostatic intolerance syndromes and small fiber neuropathies; the latter are associated with autonomic failure, pain, or their combinations. The review outlines orthostatic intolerance syndromes (neurally mediated syncope, orthostatic hypotension, postural tachycardia syndrome, inappropriate sinus tachycardia, orthostatic cerebral hypoperfusion syndrome, and hypocapnic cerebral hypoperfusion) and small fiber neuropathies (sensory/autonomic/mixed, acute/subacute/chronic, idiopathic/secondary, inflammatory and noninflammatory).

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